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The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.

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Extensive Property

A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.

Ioniztion

The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

Equivalence Point

The point at which chemically equivalent amounts of reactants have reacted.

Cis-

The prefix used to indicate that groups are located on the same side of a bon about which rotation is restricted.

Melting Point

The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

S Orbital

A spherically symmetrical atomic orbital, one per energy level.

Chemical Equation

Description of a chemical reaction by placing the formulas of the reactants on the left and the formulas of products on the right of an arrow.

Viscosity

Resistance offered by the molecules of a liquid to flow is termed as viscosity.

Substitution Reaction

A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

Amide

Compound containing the O-C-N group.Compound that can be considered a derivative of ammonia in which one or more hydrogens are replaced by a alkyl or aryl groups.

 

Nucleons

Particles comprising the nucleus, protons and neutrons.

Flux

A substance added to react with the charge, or a product of its reduction, in metallurgy, usually added to lower a melting point.

Eutrophication

The undesirable overgrowth of vegetation caused by high concentrates of plant nutrients in bodies of water.

Molecular Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) around a central atom of a molecule or polyatomic ion.

Chemical Change

A change in which one or more new substances are formed.

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Capillary

A tube having a very small inside diameter.

Distillation

The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points. The process in which components of a mixture are separated by boiling away the more volitile liquid.