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The ability of a substance to be broken down into simpler substances by bacteria.

 

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Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.

 

Enzyme

A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Atomic Orbital

Region or volume in space in which the probability of finding electrons is highest.

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.

Alkaline Earth Metals

Group IIA metals

Endothermicity

The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.