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The ability of a substance to be broken down into simpler substances by bacteria.

 

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  • Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

    In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

  • Use of diamonds

    Diamond is a crystalline modification of pure carbon formed in the deep interior of the Earth, in the upper mantle at depths of more than 80-100 kilometers, at exceptionally high pressure and temperature. It is the most precious stone, the hardest and most wear-resistant mineral, the most...

  • Diamonds Are Forever

    Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?

  • Gas of rotten eggs

    If you happen to break a rotten egg, then you know the smell of hydrogen sulfide, because the stench of the spoiled egg depends on of its presence in rotting protein substances.

  • Varieties of garnet minerals

    The most famous type of garnet stone is pyrope (flaming). This is the "oldest of garnets", with a dense red color, similar to the grain of an edible garnet. Pyrope has a variety called rhodolite - a stone of dense pink or pink-purple color, which sometimes has the alexandrite effect and is used in...



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Cathode Ray Tube

Closed glass tube containing a gas under low pressure, with electrodes near the ends and a luminescent screen at the end near the positive electrode, produces cathode rays when high voltage is applied.

Gangue

Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.

Spectator Ions

Ions in a solution that do not participate in a chemical reaction.

Active Metal

Metal with low ionization energy that loses electrons readily to form cations.

Liquid Aerosol

Colloidal suspension of liquid in gas.

Photochemical Oxidants

Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.

Equivalent Weight

An oxidizing or reducing agent, who's mass gains (oxidizing agents) or loses (reducing agents) 6.022 x 1023 electrons in a redox reaction.
The mass of an acid or base that furnishes or reacts with 6.022 x 1023 H3O+ or OH- ions.

Associated Ions

Short-lived species formed by the collision of dissolved ions of opposite charges.

Octane Number

A number that indicates how smoothly a gasoline burns.

Ternary Compound

A compound consisting of three elements, may be ionic or covalent.