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Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

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Atomic Weight

Weighted average of the masses of the constituent isotopes of an element, The relative masses of atoms of different elements.

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Salinometer

An instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. Also,"salimeter, salometer."

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Condensation

Liquefaction of vapor.

Weak Field Ligand

A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.

Essential Oil

A plant extract that has a distinctive odour or flavour.

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Electrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions conduct electricity.