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Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

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Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

van der Waals' Equation

An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Chain Termination Step

The combination of two radicals, which removes the reactive species that propagate the change reaction.

xylan

The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.

Electrolytic Cells

Electrochemical cells in which electrical energy causes nospontaneous redox reactions to occur. An electrochemical cell in which chemical reactions are forced to occur by the application of an outside source of electrical energy.

Viscosity

Resistance offered by the molecules of a liquid to flow is termed as viscosity.

Chemical Kinetics

The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.