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Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

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Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Photon

A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.

 

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.

Alkaline Battery

A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Greenhouse Effect

Trapping of heat at the surface of the earth by carbon dioxide and water vapour in the atmosphere.

Bond Energy

The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.

Combination Reaction

Reaction in which two substances (elements or compounds) combine to form one compound.

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.

Molecule

The smallest particle of an element or compound capable of a stable, independent existence.