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Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

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Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Coordination Sphere

The metal ion and its coordinating ligands but not any uncoordinated counter-ions.

Metallurgy

Refers to the overall processes by which metals are extracted from ores.

Chemical Equation

Description of a chemical reaction by placing the formulas of the reactants on the left and the formulas of products on the right of an arrow.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

Line Spectrum

An atomic emission or absorption spectrum.

Gem-dimethyl group

Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

xylene

Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.