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A salt containing an ionizable OH group.

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Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Formal Charge

A method of counting electrons in a covalently bonded molecule or ion, counts bonding electrons as though they were equally shared between the two atoms.

Haber Process

A process for the catalyzed industrial production of ammonia from N2 and H2 at high temperature and pressure.

Basic Anhydride

The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Alkaline Earth Metals

Group IIA metals

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

Bubbles

Have you ever noticed that soap bubbles go up in winter and fall down in summer? The reason is that warm air is lighter than cold. And in winter the difference between the air temperature in the room (especially near the windows) and the one you exhale into the bubble is enough to overcome the heaviness of its shell.

Electrodes

Surfaces upon which oxidation and reduction half-reactions, occur in electrochemical cells.