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A salt containing an ionizable OH group.

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Saturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

Solute

The dispersed (dissolved) phase of a solution.

Electron

A subatomic particle having a mass of 0.00054858 amu and a charge of 1-.

Octahedral

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and six atoms at the corners of a octahedron.

Noble Gases (Rare Gases)

Elements of the periodic Group 0, also called rare gases, formerly called inert gases, He,Ne,Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn.

Geiger counter

A gas filled tube which discharges electriaclly when ionizing radiation passes through it.

Entropy

A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.

Faraday

One faraday of electricity corresponds to the charge on 6.022 x 1023 electrons, or 96,487.301 coulombs.

Critical Mass

The minimum mass of a particular fissionable nuclide in a given volume required to sustain a nuclear chain reaction.

Allotropic Modifications (Allotropes)

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.

Electromagnetic Radiation

Energy that is propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields that oscillate in directions perpendicular to the direction of travel of the energy.

Breeder Reactor

A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.

Isoelectric

Having the same electronic configurations.

Surface Tension

It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.

Ionization

In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.

Semipermable Membrane

A thin partition between two solutions through which certain molecules can pass but others cannot.

Cathodic Protection

Protection of a metal (making ir a cathode) against corrosion by attaching it to a sacrifical anode of a more easily oxidized metal.

Boron Hydrides

Binary compounds of boron and hydrogen.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Acid Anhydride

Compound produced by dehydration of a carbonic acid. General formula is R--C--O--C--R. Chemical compound that reacts with water to form an acid and are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements.