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In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

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Precipitate

An insoluble solid formed by mixing in solution the constituent ions of a slightly soluble solution.

xanthene dye

Any of a group of dyes having a molecular structure related to that of xanthene in which the aromatic (C6H4) groups are the chromophore.

 

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Group

A vertical column in the periodic table, also called a family.

Born-Haber Cycle

A series of reactions (and accompanying enthalpy changes) which, when summed, represents the hypothetical one-step reaction by which elements in their standard states are converted into crystals of ionic compounds (and the accompanying enthalpy changes.)

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Fluids

Substances that flow freely, gases and liquids.

Crystal Lattice

A pattern of arrangement of particles in a crystal.

Ferromagnetism

The ability of a substance to become permanently magnetized by exposure to an external magnetic field.