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Short-lived species formed by the collision of dissolved ions of opposite charges.

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Standard Electrode Potential

By convention, potential, Eo, of a half-reaction as a reduction relative to the standard hydrogen electrode when all species are present at unit activity.

 

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Wild patina, is it so bad?

Usually this kind of patina appears on monuments. The most striking example is the Statue of Liberty in New York.

Deuterium

An isotope of hydrogen whose atoms are twice as massive as ordinary hydrogen,deuterion atoms contain both a proton and a neutron in the nucleus.

Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

Hydrolysis

The reaction of a substance with water or its ions.

ytterbium

A rare metallic element found in gadolinite and forming compounds resembling those of yttrium. Symbol: Yb, at. wt.: 173.04, at. no.: 70, sp. gr.: 6.96. Cf."rare-earth element."

 

Percent Composition

The mass percent of each element in a compound.

Linear Accelerator

A device used for accelerating charged particles along a straight line path.

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.