Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive
 

Substances that flow freely, gases and liquids.

Latest Articles

  • The most expensive metal in the world

    Do you think the most expensive metal is gold? No! On earth there are more valuable metals. But we need to divide the value of metals that occur in nature, and metals - isotopes, which are obtained in special laboratories. Let’s look at natural metals first.

  • Use of diamonds

    Diamond is a crystalline modification of pure carbon formed in the deep interior of the Earth, in the upper mantle at depths of more than 80-100 kilometers, at exceptionally high pressure and temperature. It is the most precious stone, the hardest and most wear-resistant mineral, the most...

  • What are Compound Microscopes?

    Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...

  • Varieties of garnet minerals

    The most famous type of garnet stone is pyrope (flaming). This is the "oldest of garnets", with a dense red color, similar to the grain of an edible garnet. Pyrope has a variety called rhodolite - a stone of dense pink or pink-purple color, which sometimes has the alexandrite effect and is used in...

  • Gas of rotten eggs

    If you happen to break a rotten egg, then you know the smell of hydrogen sulfide, because the stench of the spoiled egg depends on of its presence in rotting protein substances.



Most Popular

Substitution Reaction

A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

Graham's Law

The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.

Primary Voltaic Cells

Voltaic cells that cannot be recharged, no further chemical reaction is possible once the reactants are consumed.

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Acid Anhydride

Compound produced by dehydration of a carbonic acid. General formula is R--C--O--C--R. Chemical compound that reacts with water to form an acid and are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements.

Greenhouse Effect

Trapping of heat at the surface of the earth by carbon dioxide and water vapour in the atmosphere.

Geometrical Isomers

Compounds with different arrangements of groups on either side of a bond with restricted rotation, such as a double bond or a single bond in a ring, for example cis-trans isomers of certain alkenes. Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other, also known as position isomers.

Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Chemical Resources

Chemindustry.com - Includes chemicals, chemical companies, engineering, and process equipment. Search tool for products, services, and information.
Chemicals HeadQuarters - Directory of industrial chemicals and chemical products including induced and forced air coolers, halogenated compounds, distilling equipment, and foundry resins.
Chemical Advisory Service - Directories of chemical manufacturers and traders for Australia and New Zealand and chemical manufacturers for the Asia Pacific region.
Chemcompass - The database for the chemical industry. Search in over 20,000 products, 2,000 companies, brands, EINECS or CAS-numbers, and detailled company information.
Chemical Week - Daily news and product updates for professionals in the chemical industry.
American Chemistry Council News and Media - Provides chemistry business and industry news, updated issue briefs, fact sheets, press releases, media contacts and other resources.
About Chemistry - News articles, periodic tables, educational resources, newsletters, and annotated links.
General Chemistry Online - Rich resource for students and teachers of introductory chemistry. Includes interactive course guides and tutorials, an exam survival guide, reference tables, self-grading quizzes and exams, a searchable glossary, a question and answer board, answers to over 300 frequently asked questions, and a chemical trivia quiz.
Chem4Kids - Learn about chemistry including matter, atoms, and reactions. Includes online quizzes.
Chemistry & Environmental Dictionary - Contains definitions for many chemistry, environmental and other related technical terms and acronyms.
EDF Chemical Scoreboard - Toxic Release Inventory data for the US. Sources and amounts of toxic chemicals released to air and water. Also has information on health effects and other topics.
Chemistry Articles - Collection of chemistry and chemical related articles.

 

Free Energy, Gibbs Free Energy

The thermodynamic state function of a system that indicates the amount of energy available for the system to do useful work at constant T and P.