The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
Descibes the quantitative (mass) relationships among elements in compounds.
Crystal Field Stabilization Energy
A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.
Absolute Entropy (of a substance)
The increase in the entropy of a substance as it goes from a perfectly ordered crystalline form at 0 °K (where its entropy is zero) to the temperature in question.
Entropy is a measure of the “dilution” of thermal energy.
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.
A proton donor.
A hypothetical gas that obeys exactly all postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory.
The direct solidification of a vapor by cooling, the reverse of sublimation.
A ternary compound containing H, O, and another element, often a nonmetal.
Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.
All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.
A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.
A gas filled tube which discharges electriaclly when ionizing radiation passes through it.
Energy that is propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields that oscillate in directions perpendicular to the direction of travel of the energy.
Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.
An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.
The pressure required to liquefy a gas (vapor) at its critical temperature.
Common Ion Effect
Suppression of ionization of a weak electrolyte by the presence in the same solution of a strong electrolyte containing one of the same ions as the weak electrolyte.
Electron Deficient Compounds
Compounds that contain at least one atom (other than H) that shares fewer than eight electrons.
At constant pressure the volume occupied by a definite mass of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature.
Any of a subgroup of rare-earth elements, of which the cerium and terbium metals comprise the other two subgroups.