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The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.

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Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory

Assumes that electron pairs are arranged around the central element of a molecule or polyatomic ion so that there is maximum separation (and minimum repulsion) among regions of high electron density.

 

Daughter Nuclide

Nuclide that is produced in a nuclear decay.

 

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Alkali Metals

Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Equilibrium or Chemical Equilibrium

A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, the state of a system when neither forward or reverse reaction is thermodynamically favored.

Sublimation

The direct vaporization of a sold by heating without passing through the liquid state.