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The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.

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Equilibrium Constant

A quantity that characterizes the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction, its magnitude is equal to the mass action expression at equilibrium. K varies with temperature.

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Electrolytic Conduction

Conduction of electrical current by ions through a solution or pure liquid.

Flammable

A liquid as defined by NFPD and DOT as having a flash point below 37.8°C (100°F).

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Fractional Precipitation

Removal of some ions from solution by precipitation while leaving other ions with similar properties in solution.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene and its derivatives.

Net Ionic Equation

Equation that results from canceling spectator ions and eliminating brackets from a total ionic equation.

Electron Configuration

Specific distribution of electrons in atomic orbitals of atoms or ions.