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A device used to measure the densities of liquids and solutions.

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Amine Complexes

Complex species that contain ammonia molecules bonded to metal ions.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Diamagnetism

Weak repulsion by a magnetic field.

Ostwald Process

A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.

Forbidden Zone

A relatively large energy separation between an insulator's highest filled electron energy band and the next higher energy vacant band. Beginning in the fourth energy level, a set of seven degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s, p, and d orbitals of the same energy level.

Saponification

Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Colligative Properties

Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.

Alloying

Mixing of metal with other substances (usually other metals) to modify its properties.

Enzyme

A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.