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The particle pressure of a vapor at the surface of its parent liquid.

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Hydrometer

A device used to measure the densities of liquids and solutions.

Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Mass Deficiency

The amount of matter that would be converted into energy if an atom were formed from constituent particles.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Ideal Solution

A solution that obeys Raoult's Law exactly.

Hydrogen Bond

A fairly strong dipole-dipole interaction (but still considerably weaker than the covalent or ionic bonds) between molecules containing hydrogen directly bonded to a small, highly electronegative atom, such as N, O, or F.

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Combustible

Classification of liquid substances that will burn on the basis of flash points. A combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) but below 93.3°C (200°F), except any mixture having components with flash points of 93.3°C (200°F) or higher, the total of which makes up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

Osmosis

The process by which solvent molecules pass through a semipermable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution.