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The particle pressure of a vapor at the surface of its parent liquid.

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History of diamonds

Diamond has been known for about 5 thousand years. Historians suggest that it was first discovered in India in river placers. It has long been credited with magical properties, and the largest famous crystals and products from them are shrouded in a halo of mystical legends.

Hydrate

A solid compound that contains a definite percentage of bound water.

Saccharate

A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.

 

Distilland

The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.

Sublimation

The direct vaporization of a sold by heating without passing through the liquid state.

Exothermic

Describes processes that release heat energy.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Isotopes

Two or more forms of atoms of the same element with different masses, atoms containing the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.

K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Atom

The smallest particle of an element.