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Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

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Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Open Sextet

Refers to species that have only six electrons in the highest energy level of the central element (many Lewis acids).

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Beta Particle

Electron emitted from the nucleus when a neuton decays to a proton and an electron.

Bond Energy

The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.

Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.

 

First Law of Thermodynamics

The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.