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Energy required to pair two electrons in the same orbital.

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Molar Solubility

Number of moles of a solute that dissolve to produce a litre of saturated solution.

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Mechanism

The sequence of steps by which reactants are converted into products.

Standard Electrodes

Half-cells in which the oxidized and reduced forms of a species are present at unit activity, 1.0M solutions of dissolved ions, 1.0atm partial pressure of gases, and pure solids and liquids.

Henry's Law

The pressure of the gas above a solution is proportional to the concentration of the gas in the solution.

Chemical Kinetics

The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Physical Change

A change in which a substance changes from one physical state to another but no substances with different composition are formed. Example Gas to Liquid - Solid.

 

Conduction Band

A partially filled band or a band of vacant energy levels just higher in energy than a filled band, a band within which, or into which, electrons must be promoted to allow electrical conduction to occur in a solid.

Electrolytic Cells

Electrochemical cells in which electrical energy causes nospontaneous redox reactions to occur. An electrochemical cell in which chemical reactions are forced to occur by the application of an outside source of electrical energy.