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A compound containing oxygen in the -1 oxidation state. Metal peroxides contain the peroxide ion, O22

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Absorption Spectrum

Spectrum associated with absorption of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from transitions from lower to higher energy states. An absorption spectrum is the inverse of an emission spectrum.

Flash Point

The temperature at which a liquid will yield enough flamable vapour to ignite. There are various recognized industrial testing methods, therefore the method used must be stated.

Ionic Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) about the central atom of a polyatomic ion.

Ketone

Compound in which a carbonyl group is bound to two alkyl or two aryl groups, or to one alkyl and one aryl group.

Molarity

Number of moles of solute per litre of solution.

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.

Surface Tension

It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.

Fluorescence

Absorption of high energy radiation by a substance and subsequent emission of visible light.

Differential Thermometer

A thermometer used for accurate measurement of very small changes in temperature.

Bonding Pair

Pair of electrons involved in a covalent bond.