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Emission of an electron from the surface of a metal caused by impinging electromagnetic radiation of certain minimum energy, current increases with increasing intensity of radiation.

 

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Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.

 

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Voltaic Cells

Electrochemical cells in which spontaneous chemical reactions produce electricity, also called galvanic cells.

 

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

xylene

Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

Hydrolysis Constant

An equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction.

S Orbital

A spherically symmetrical atomic orbital, one per energy level.

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Enantiomer

One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.