Conduction of electrical current through a metal or along a metallic surface.
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.
Vaporization of a liquid below its boiling point.
An orgainic ion carrying a positive charge on a carbon atom.
An inhibitor, a catalyst that decreases the rate of reaction.
Compound derived from a carbonic acid by replacing the --OH group with a halogen (X), usually --Cl, general formula is O R--C--X.
A spherically symmetrical atomic orbital, one per energy level.
Unit of electrical current, one ampere equals one coulomb per second.
Radius of an atom.
Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.
All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.
A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.
Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.
Any of six isomeric compounds that have the formula C8H11N, are derivatives of xylene, and resemble aniline: used in dye manufacture.
Compounds with different arrangements of groups on either side of a bond with restricted rotation, such as a double bond or a single bond in a ring, for example cis-trans isomers of certain alkenes. Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other, also known as position isomers.
Water containing Fe3+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ ions, which forms precipates with soap.
A colorless, crystalline compound, XeF6, that melts at 50°C to a yellow liquid, and boils at 75°C.
Ordinary batteries (voltaic cells) for flashlights. radios, and so on, many are Leclanche cells.
An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.
A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.
Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.