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The process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules.

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Miscibility

The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

Neutron

A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.

van der Waals' Equation

An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

Graham's Law

The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.

Radioactive Dating

Method of dating ancient objects by determining the ratio of amounts of mother and daughter nuclides present in an object and relating the ratio to the object?s age via half-life calculations.

Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)

A technique for observing the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermally induced transitions in a material by heating/cooling a sample and comparing its temperature with that of an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Compound

A substance of two or more elements in fixed proportions. Compounds can be decomposed into their constituent elements.

Reaction Ratio

The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.

 

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.