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The process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules.

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Heat of Vaporization

The amount of heat required to vaporize one gram of a liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required to vaporize one mole of liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature and usually expressed ion kJ/mol.

Alkylbenzene

A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Fat

Solid triester of glycerol and (mostly) saturated fatty acids.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.

Amphiprotism

Ability of a substance to exhibit amphiprotism by accepting donated protons.

Dispersing Medium

The solvent-like phase in a colloid.

Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Cis-

The prefix used to indicate that groups are located on the same side of a bon about which rotation is restricted.

Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.