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Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light clockwise, also called dextro.

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Titration

A Procedure in which one solution is added to another solution until the chemical reaction between the two solutes is complete, the concentration of one solution is known and that of the other is unknown.

 

xylic acid

Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.

Melting Point

The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.

Distillate

The material in a distillation apparatus that is collected in the receiver.

 

Solubility Product Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissolution of a slightly soluble compound.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Dynamic Equilibrium

An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with no net change. When two (or more) processes occur at the same rate so that no net change occurs.

yield

The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.

Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy

The total amount of matter and energy available in the universe is fixed.

Dilution

Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.