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Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light clockwise, also called dextro.

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Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Hydrogenation

The reaction in which hydrogen adds across a double or triple bond.

Nonpolar Bond

Covalent bond in which electron density is symmetrically distributed.

Optical Isomers

Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

Faraday

One faraday of electricity corresponds to the charge on 6.022 x 1023 electrons, or 96,487.301 coulombs.

Exothermicity

The release of heat by a system as a process occurs.

Basic Anhydride

The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

Electron

A subatomic particle having a mass of 0.00054858 amu and a charge of 1-.

Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Graham's Law

The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.