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Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.

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Polymerization

The combination of many small molecules to form large molecules.

Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Forbidden Zone

A relatively large energy separation between an insulator's highest filled electron energy band and the next higher energy vacant band. Beginning in the fourth energy level, a set of seven degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s, p, and d orbitals of the same energy level.

Nuclides

Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.

Dispersing Medium

The solvent-like phase in a colloid.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.

Pairing Energy

Energy required to pair two electrons in the same orbital.

Bronsted-Lowry Base

A proton acceptor

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.