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Specific distribution of electrons in atomic orbitals of atoms or ions.

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Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Electronic Transition

The transfer of an electron from one energy level to another.

Periodic Table

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.

Flotation

Method by which hydrophobic (water-repelling) particles of an ore are separated from hydrophilic (water-attracting) particles of a metallurgical pretreatment process.

Metallurgy

Refers to the overall processes by which metals are extracted from ores.

K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Spectrum

Display of component wavelengths (colours) of electromagnetic radiation.

Doublet

Two peaks or bands of about equal intensity appearing close together on a spectrogram.