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Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

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Method of Initial Rates

Method of determining the rate-law expression by carrying out a reaction with different initial concentrations and analyzing the resultant changes in initial rates.

Salinometer

An instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. Also,"salimeter, salometer."

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Debye

The unit used to express dipole moments.

Adhesive Forces

Forces of attraction between a liquid and another surface.

Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Ionic Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.

Periodic Table

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.

Binding Energy (nuclear binding energy)

The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2