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Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

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Electrodes

Surfaces upon which oxidation and reduction half-reactions, occur in electrochemical cells.

Homogeneous Catalyst

A catalyst that exists in the same phase (solid, liquid or gas) as the reactants. The process is called Homogeneous Catalysis.

Semipermable Membrane

A thin partition between two solutions through which certain molecules can pass but others cannot.

Enzyme

A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.

Combination Reaction

Reaction in which two substances (elements or compounds) combine to form one compound.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Homologous Series

A series of compounds in which each member differs from the next by a specific number and kind of atoms.

Pauli Exclusion Principle

No two electrons in the same atom may have identical sets of four quantum numbers.

How is colored crystal made?

However, not everyone knows that in addition to the traditional transparent, there is still an unusually beautiful and spectacular colored crystal, which is obtained through the addition of various metal oxides into the glass. They give the crystal unusually noble shades of red, purple, blue, green and pink colors.

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.