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Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.

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xanthene dye

Any of a group of dyes having a molecular structure related to that of xanthene in which the aromatic (C6H4) groups are the chromophore.

 

Associated Ions

Short-lived species formed by the collision of dissolved ions of opposite charges.

Alkylbenzene

A compound containing an alkyl group bonded to a benzene ring.

Bond Energy

The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.

Homologous Series

A series of compounds in which each member differs from the next by a specific number and kind of atoms.

Alums

Hydrated sulfates of the general formula M+M3+(SO4)2.12H2).

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Reverse Osmosis

Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.