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Energy that matter possesses by virtue of its position, condition or composition.

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Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

Proton

A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.

Isotopes

Two or more forms of atoms of the same element with different masses, atoms containing the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.

Equilibrium Constant

A quantity that characterizes the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction, its magnitude is equal to the mass action expression at equilibrium. K varies with temperature.

Bond Order

Half the numbers of electrons in bonding orbitals minus half the number of electrons in antibonding orbitals. Bond order gives an indication to the stability of a bond. Also defined as the difference between the number of bonding electrons and antibonding electrons divided by two.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

Composition Stoichiometry

Descibes the quantitative (mass) relationships among elements in compounds.

Nuclear Reactor

A system in which controlled nuclear fisson reactions generate heat energy on a large scale, which is subsequently converted into electrical energy.