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An orgainic ion carrying a positive charge on a carbon atom.

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Addition Reaction

A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms are added to a molecule, one on each side of a double or triple bond. Types of addition reaction include electrophilic, nucleophilic (polar) and free radical addition (non-polar).

Reactants

Substances consumed in a chemical reaction.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Designated area

An area that may be used for work with carcinogens, reproductive toxins, or substances that have a high degree of acute toxicity. A designated area may be the entire laboratory, an area of a laboratory, or a device such as a laboratory hood.

Heat Capacity

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a body (of any mass) one degree Celsius.

Thermodynamics

The study of the energy transfers accompanying physical and chemical processes.

Insulator

Poor electric and heat conductor.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.