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An orgainic ion carrying a positive charge on a carbon atom.

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Doublet

Two peaks or bands of about equal intensity appearing close together on a spectrogram.

Silicones

Polymeric organosilicon compounds, contain individual or cross-linked Si-O chains or rings in which some oxygens of SiO4 tetrahedra are replaced by other groups.

Melting Point

The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.

Rate-determining Step

The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.

Heat of Vaporization

The amount of heat required to vaporize one gram of a liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required to vaporize one mole of liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature and usually expressed ion kJ/mol.

Hydrometer

A device used to measure the densities of liquids and solutions.

Molecular Orbital

An orbit resulting from overlap and mixing of atomic orbitals on different atoms. An MO belongs to the molecule as a whole.

Extensive Property

A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.

Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell

Fuel cell in which hydrogen is the fuel (reducing agent) and oxygen is the oxidizing agent.