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An insoluble solid formed by mixing in solution the constituent ions of a slightly soluble solution.

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xenon trioxide

A colorless, nonvolatile solid, XeO3, explosive when dry: in solution it is called xenic acid.

Theoretical Yield

Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.

Fluorescence

Absorption of high energy radiation by a substance and subsequent emission of visible light.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.

Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Nonbonding Orbital

A molecular orbital derived only from an atomic orbital of one atom, lends neither stability nor instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons.

Solvent

The dispersing medium of a solution.

Antibonding Orbital

A molecular orbital higher in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons, denoted with a star (*) superscript or symbol.

Rate-determining Step

The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.