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The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

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Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.

Charle's Law

At constant pressure the volume occupied by a definite mass of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature.

Hydrate Isomers

Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.

Raoult's Law

The vapor pressure of a solvent in an ideal solution decreases as its mole fraction decreases.

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Ferromagnetism

The ability of a substance to become permanently magnetized by exposure to an external magnetic field.

Boron Hydrides

Binary compounds of boron and hydrogen.

Haber Process

A process for the catalyzed industrial production of ammonia from N2 and H2 at high temperature and pressure.

Lanthanide Contraction

A decrease in the radii of the elements following the lanthanides compared to what would be expected if there were no f-transition metals.