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The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

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Standard Molar Volume

The volume occupied by one mole of an ideal gas under standard conditions, 22.4liters.

Zone Refining

A method of purifying a bar of metal by passing it through an induction heater, this causes impurties to move along a melted portion. This method applies the fact when a metal crystallizes on cooling, impurities are automatically expelled as they do not form part of the crystal.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Free Energy Change

The indicator of spontaneity of a process at constnt T and P. If delta-G is negative, the process is spontaneous.

Reversible Reaction

Reactions that do not go to completion and occur in both the forward and reverse direction.

Can water burn?

It’s known that water consists of atoms of molecules of oxygen and hydrogen. Since any compound with oxygen indicates the ability of the substance to burn, water is no exception. Thus, water has a surprising property of already "burnt out" compound.

Cyclotron

A device for accelerating charged particles along a spiral path.

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Cloud Chamber

A device for observing the paths of speeding particiles as vapor molecules condense on them to form foglike tracks.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.