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Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

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Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Acid

A substance that produces H+(aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong acids ionize completely or almost completely in dilute aqueous solution. Weak acids ionize only slightly. Chemicals or substances having the property of an acid are said to be acidic.

Dispersed Phase

The solute-like species in a colloid.

Effective Molality

The sum of the molalities of all solute particles in a solution.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Thermodynamics

The study of the energy transfers accompanying physical and chemical processes.

Three ways to make patina at home

The first way is ammonia patination. To do this, take a plastic container. Put a couple of paper or ordinary towels at the bottom. Moisten them with ammonia. Then sprinkle with large table salt.

Allotropic Modifications (Allotropes)

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.

Standard Electrode Potential

By convention, potential, Eo, of a half-reaction as a reduction relative to the standard hydrogen electrode when all species are present at unit activity.