Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings at constant volume.
Compound derived from a carbonic acid by replacing the --OH group with a halogen (X), usually --Cl, general formula is O R--C--X.
Any kind of matter all specimens of which have the same chemical composition and physical properties.
Regular periodic variations of properties of elements with atomic number (and position in the periodic table).
The very small, very dense, positively charged center of an atom containing protons and neutrons, as well as other subatomic particles.
A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.
A unit of pressure, the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at 0 °C.
The capacity to do work or transfer heat.
Ability to conduct electricity.
The process by which solvent molecules pass through a semipermable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution.
Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.
Molecular orbital resulting from head-on overlap of two atomic orbitals.
Heat of Condensation
The amount of heat that must be removed from one gram of a vapor at it's condensation point to condense the vapour with no change in temperature.
A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.
High energy electromagnetic radiation. A highly penetrating type of nuclear radiation similar to x-ray radiation, except that it comes from within the nucleus of an atom and has a higher energy. Energywise, very similar to cosmic ray except that cosmic rays originate from outer space.
Involves a change in the composition of a nucleus and can evolve or absorb an extraordinarily large amount of energy.
A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.
Pair of electrons residing on one atom and not shared by other atoms, unshared pair.
A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.
Having the same electronic configurations.