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An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

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Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Electrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions conduct electricity.

 

Double Bond

Covalent bond resulting from the sharing of four electrons (two pairs) between two atoms.

Nitric Acid

HNO3: A strong acid, it is toxic and can cause severe burns. Transparent colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic and corrosive liquid. Nitric acid boiling point is 83C. A 70 percent solution is used in the S.S.E. laboratory for junction depth measurements. Nitric acid is also present in the metal etch solution used for the Aluminum etch procedure.

Manometer

A two-armed barometer.

Coordinate Covalent Bond

A covalent bond in which both shared electrons are donated by the same atom, a bond between a Lewis base and a Lewis acid.

Gem-dimethyl group

Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Molecular Weight

The mass of one molecule of a nonionic substance in atomic mass units.