An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.
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Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
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People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
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In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
Spectrum that contains all wave-lengths in a specified region of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Conjugated Double Bonds
Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.
A helium nucleus.
Coordinate Covalent Bond
A covalent bond in which both shared electrons are donated by the same atom, a bond between a Lewis base and a Lewis acid.
The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, the temperature above which a substance cannot exhibit distinct gas and liquid phases.
Decomposition by heating a substance in the presence of a catalyst and in the absence of air.
A change in which one or more new substances are formed.
Low Spin Complex
Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.
Activity of a component of ideal mixture
A dimensionless quantity whose magnitude is: equal to molar concentration in an ideal solution, equal to partial pressure in an ideal gas mixture, and defined as 1 for pure solids or liquids.
Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.
Outer Orbital Complex
Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.
A group of atoms derived from an alkane by the removal of one hydrogen atom.
Unit of electrical current, one ampere equals one coulomb per second.
Amount of energy that must be absorbed by reactants in their ground states to reach the transition state so that a reaction can occur. In other words, activation energy is the minimum energy required for a chemical reaction to occur.
Standard Molar Volume
The volume occupied by one mole of an ideal gas under standard conditions, 22.4liters.
A tube having a very small inside diameter.
A reaction in which the numbers of moles of reactants shown in the balanced equation, all in their standard states, are completely converted to the numbers of moles of products shown in the balanced equation, also sall at their standard state.
A number that indicates how smoothly a gasoline burns.
Numbers that describe the energies of electrons in atoms, derived from quantum mechanical treatment.
An element below and to the left of the stepwise division (metalloids) in the upper right corner of the periodic table, about 80% of the known elements are metals.