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A relatively large energy separation between an insulator's highest filled electron energy band and the next higher energy vacant band. Beginning in the fourth energy level, a set of seven degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s, p, and d orbitals of the same energy level.

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Coulometry

The quantitative application of Faraday's Law to the analysis of materials. The current and time are the usual variables measured.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.

Surface Tension

It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.

Law of Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law)

The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

Colligative Properties

Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Condensed Phases

The liquid and solid phases, phases in which particles interact strongly.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Reaction Ratio

The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.

 

Mass Deficiency

The amount of matter that would be converted into energy if an atom were formed from constituent particles.