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An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

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Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene and its derivatives.

Artificial Transmutation

An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.

Turning iron nail into copper nail

This simple chemical experiment shows the so-called process of copper plating of metal products. Copper has the ability to deposit on a metal surface.

Formula Unit

The smallest repeating unit of a substance. The molecule for nonionic substances

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Aryl Group

Group of atoms remaining after a hydrogen atom is removed from the aromatic system.

Solute

The dispersed (dissolved) phase of a solution.

Primary Voltaic Cells

Voltaic cells that cannot be recharged, no further chemical reaction is possible once the reactants are consumed.

Yellowcake

The solid form of mixed uranium oxide, which is produced from uranium ore in the uranium recovery (milling) process.

Quantum Numbers

Numbers that describe the energies of electrons in atoms, derived from quantum mechanical treatment.