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An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

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Half-Cell

Compartment in which the oxidation or reduction half-reaction occurs in a voltaic cell.

Lead Storage Battery

Secondary voltaic cell used in most automobiles.

Octahedral

A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and six atoms at the corners of a octahedron.

Artificial Transmutation

An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.

Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy

The total amount of matter and energy available in the universe is fixed.

Law of Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law)

The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

Extensive Property

A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Molarity

Number of moles of solute per litre of solution.

Valence Bond Theory

Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.