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The smallest repeating unit of a substance. The molecule for nonionic substances

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Equivalence Point

The point at which chemically equivalent amounts of reactants have reacted.

Copper

Discovered : known to ancient civilisations
Origin : The name is derived from 'Cuprum', the Latin name for Cyprus.

Secondary Voltaic Cells

Voltaic cells that can be recharged, original reactanats can be regenerated be reversing the direction of the current flow.

Nickel-cadmium cell (Nicad battery)

A dry cell in which the anode is Cd, the cathode is NiO2, and the electrolyte is basic.

Oxidizing Agent

The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.

High Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an outer orbital complex, all t2g and eg orbitals are singly occupied before any pairing occurs.

Distilland

The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.

Allotropes

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.