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An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.

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Activity of a component of ideal mixture

A dimensionless quantity whose magnitude is: equal to molar concentration in an ideal solution, equal to partial pressure in an ideal gas mixture, and defined as 1 for pure solids or liquids.

Collision Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Exothermic

Describes processes that release heat energy.

Hydrocarbons

Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Liquid Aerosol

Colloidal suspension of liquid in gas.

Colligative Properties

Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Polymer

A large molecule consisting of chains or rings of linked monomer units, usually characterized by high melting and boiling points.