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A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.

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Solute

The dispersed (dissolved) phase of a solution.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Law of Definite Proportions (Law of Constant Composition)

The law stating that a pure substance will always have the same percent by weight. Different samples of a pure compound always contain the same elements in the same proportions by mass.

Biodegradability

The ability of a substance to be broken down into simpler substances by bacteria.

 

Electrical Conductivity

Ability to conduct electricity.

Evaporation Rate

The rate at which a particular substance will vapourize (evaporate) when compared to the rate of a known substance such as ethyl ether. This term is especially useful for health and fire-hazard considerations.

Octet Rule

Many representative elements attain at least a share of eight electrons in their valence shells when they form molecular or ionic compounds, there are some limitations.

Peroxide

A compound containing oxygen in the -1 oxidation state. Metal peroxides contain the peroxide ion, O22

Equivalence Point

The point at which chemically equivalent amounts of reactants have reacted.