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A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.

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Diamagnetism

Weak repulsion by a magnetic field.

Dosimeter

A small, calibrated electroscope worn by laboratory personnel and designated to detect and measure incident ionizing radiation or chemical exposure.

Rate-determining Step

The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

Enantiomer

One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

Cis-

The prefix used to indicate that groups are located on the same side of a bon about which rotation is restricted.

Lanthanide Contraction

A decrease in the radii of the elements following the lanthanides compared to what would be expected if there were no f-transition metals.

Molarity

Number of moles of solute per litre of solution.

Physical Change

A change in which a substance changes from one physical state to another but no substances with different composition are formed. Example Gas to Liquid - Solid.

 

Electrolytic Conduction

Conduction of electrical current by ions through a solution or pure liquid.