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Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

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Henry's Law

The pressure of the gas above a solution is proportional to the concentration of the gas in the solution.

Entropy

A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.

Radioactivity

The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.

Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Secondary Voltaic Cells

Voltaic cells that can be recharged, original reactanats can be regenerated be reversing the direction of the current flow.

Ester

A Compound of the general formula R-C-O-R1 where R and R1 may be the same or different, and may be either aliphatic or aromatic.

Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell

Fuel cell in which hydrogen is the fuel (reducing agent) and oxygen is the oxidizing agent.

 

Spectrum

Display of component wavelengths (colours) of electromagnetic radiation.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.