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The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

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Capillary

A tube having a very small inside diameter.

Carcinogen

A substance capable of causing or producing cancer in mammals.

 

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

xylene

Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

Overlap

The interaction of orbitals on different atoms in the same region of space.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Extensive Property

A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.

Meniscus

The shape assumed by the surface of a liquid in a cylindrical container.

Combustible

Classification of liquid substances that will burn on the basis of flash points. A combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) but below 93.3°C (200°F), except any mixture having components with flash points of 93.3°C (200°F) or higher, the total of which makes up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

First Law of Thermodynamics

The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.