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The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

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Excited State

Any state other than the ground state of an atom or molecule.

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Inner Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.

Dissociation Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissociation of a comples ion into a simple ion and coordinating species (ligands).

Gangue

Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.

K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Central Atom

An atom in a molecule or polyatomic ion that is bonded to more than one other atom.

Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.