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Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

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Fluorescence

Absorption of high energy radiation by a substance and subsequent emission of visible light.

Extrapolate

To estimate the value of a result outside the range of a series of known values. Technique used in standard additions calibration procedure.

PseudobinaryIonic Compounds

Compounds that contain more than two elements but are named like binary compounds.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Specific Heat

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Nitrogenases

A class of enzymes found in bacteria within root nodules in some plants, which catalyze reactions by which N2 molecules from the air are converted to ammonia.

 

Basic Anhydride

The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

Limiting Reactant

Substance that stoichiometrically limits the amount of product(s) that can be formed.

Heat of Solution

The amount of heat absorbed in the formation of solution that contains one mole of solute, the value is positive if heat is absorbed (endothermic) and negative if heat is released (exothermic).