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Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

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Alpha Particles

A helium nucleus.

Amide

Compound containing the O-C-N group.Compound that can be considered a derivative of ammonia in which one or more hydrogens are replaced by a alkyl or aryl groups.

 

Capillary Action

The drawing of a liquid up the inside of a small-bore tube when adhesive forces exceed cohesive forces, or the depression of the surface of the liquid when cohesive forces exceed the adhesive forces.

Carcinogen

A substance capable of causing or producing cancer in mammals.

 

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Salicylate

A salt or ester of salicylic acid.

Amine

Derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic groups.

Formal Charge

A method of counting electrons in a covalently bonded molecule or ion, counts bonding electrons as though they were equally shared between the two atoms.

Heat of Vaporization

The amount of heat required to vaporize one gram of a liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required to vaporize one mole of liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature and usually expressed ion kJ/mol.

Double Salt

Solid consisting of two co-crystallized salts.