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Describes processes that release heat energy.

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Basic Anhydride

The oxide of a metal that reacts with water to form a base.

Low Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.

Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Hund's Rule

All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.

Ionic Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) about the central atom of a polyatomic ion.

Chemical Equilibrium

A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, there is no net change in concentrations of reactants or products while a system is at equilibrium.

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.

xenon trioxide

A colorless, nonvolatile solid, XeO3, explosive when dry: in solution it is called xenic acid.

Saponification

Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

Denaturation

A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.