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Any state other than the ground state of an atom or molecule.

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    It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...

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    People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...

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    Do you think the most expensive metal is gold? No! On earth there are more valuable metals. But we need to divide the value of metals that occur in nature, and metals - isotopes, which are obtained in special laboratories. Let’s look at natural metals first.

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    Metals have been used by people since ancient times. All the time the process of obtaining them was improved, useful alloys of various metals appeared. Let’s look at interesting facts about metals.

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    Probably, every person wants to know, why over time the copper turns green and becomes bloomed. This is easy to explain: that film is called patina.



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Positron

A Nuclear particle with the mass of an electron but opposite charge.

Double Salt

Solid consisting of two co-crystallized salts.

 

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

xylan

The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Ionization Isomers

Isomers that result from the interchange of ions inside and outside the coordination sphere.

Structural Isomers

Compounds that contain the same number of the same kinds of atoms in different geometric arrangements.

Canal Ray

Stream of positively charged particles (cations) that moves toward the negative electrode in cathode ray tubes, observed to pass through canals in the negative electrode.