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The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.

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Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.

xanthate

A salt or ester of xanthic acid. Many xanthates have a yellow color. Xanthates are used as flotation agents in mineral processing.

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Electrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions conduct electricity.

 

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Hydrophilic Colloids

Colloidal particles that repel water molecules.

Total Ionic Equation

Equation for a chemical reaction written to show the predominant form of all species in aqueous solution or in contact with water.

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory

Assumes that electron pairs are arranged around the central element of a molecule or polyatomic ion so that there is maximum separation (and minimum repulsion) among regions of high electron density.

 

Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Neutron

A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.