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A thermodynamic state or property that measures the degree of disorder or randomness of a system.

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Flotation

Method by which hydrophobic (water-repelling) particles of an ore are separated from hydrophilic (water-attracting) particles of a metallurgical pretreatment process.

Accuracy

How closely a measured value agrees with the correct value.

Denaturation

A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.

Cis-Trans Isomerism

A type of geometrical isomerism related to the angles between like ligands.

Actual Yield

Amount of a specified pure product actually obtained from a given reaction. Compare with Theoretical Yield.

Ionization

In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.

Salt and its use in everyday life

Cooking salt is a product that is available in every kitchen, and it’s not as simple as it seems. The history of this product shows that it was valued like gold.

Absorption Spectrum

Spectrum associated with absorption of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from transitions from lower to higher energy states. An absorption spectrum is the inverse of an emission spectrum.

Saccharide

An organic compound containing a sugar or sugars.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.