The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.
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In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
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Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
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The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.
Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.
Integral number of protons in the nucleus, defines the identity of element.
Common Ion Effect
Suppression of ionization of a weak electrolyte by the presence in the same solution of a strong electrolyte containing one of the same ions as the weak electrolyte.
Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.
Either the oxidation part or the reduction part of a redox reaction.
The undesirable overgrowth of vegetation caused by high concentrates of plant nutrients in bodies of water.
Description of the quantitative relationships among substances as they participate in chemical reactions.
Absorption of high energy radiation by a substance and subsequent emission of visible light.
Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.
Aufbau ('building up') Principle
Describes the order in which electrons fill orbitals in atoms.
Standard Molar Enthalphy of Formation
The amount of heat absorbed in the formation of one mole of a substance in a specified state from its elements in their standard states.
Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.
Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.
Reaction of a substance with water.
A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release or pressure, gas, heat and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature or applied potential.
Colloidal suspension of a gas in a liquid.
At constant temperature the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely proportional to the applied pressure.
A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.
The variations in properties of elements with their position in the periodic table.