Compounds that contain at least one atom (other than H) that shares fewer than eight electrons.
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Low Spin Complex
Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.
Free Energy Change
The indicator of spontaneity of a process at constnt T and P. If delta-G is negative, the process is spontaneous.
An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.
At the same temperature and pressure, equal volumes of all gases contain the same number of molecules.
A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, there is no net change in concentrations of reactants or products while a system is at equilibrium.
All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.
Secondary Voltaic Cells
Voltaic cells that can be recharged, original reactanats can be regenerated be reversing the direction of the current flow.
A solution that obeys Raoult's Law exactly.
Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).
A form of energy that flows between two samples of matter because of their differences in temperature.
A molecular orbit lower in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends stability to a molecule or ion when populated with electron.
Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.
A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.
Weak repulsion by a magnetic field.
A binary compound of hydrogen.
A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.
A number that indicates how smoothly a gasoline burns.
A compound that contains more than one double bond per molecule.
Valence Bond Theory
Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.