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Conduction of electrical current by ions through a solution or pure liquid.

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Eluant or eluent

The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.

 

Conjugate Acid-base Pair

In Bronsted-Lowry terminology, a reactant and product that differ by a proton, H+.

Photochemical Oxidants

Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.

Hydrocarbons

Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen.

Period

The elements in a horizontal row of the periodic table.

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Hydration Energy

The energy change accompanying the hydration of a mole of gase and ions.

Optical Isomers

Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

How to make crystal glass

From history we know that the idea of creating crystal belongs to the British: they were the first to add lead oxides to the charge material, and as a result got glass with unusual “voice”, transparency and sparkling faces. Classical crystal contains 24% of lead oxide, but there are products with a higher content of up to 30%.

Ampere

Unit of electrical current, one ampere equals one coulomb per second.