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Electrochemical cells in which electrical energy causes nospontaneous redox reactions to occur. An electrochemical cell in which chemical reactions are forced to occur by the application of an outside source of electrical energy.

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    One of the most interesting and obvious chemical experiments is the experiment on the interaction of copper sulfate and calcium carbonate. The latter is contained in the shell of a simple egg, but copper sulphate should be searched in a chemical reagent store. This experience is simple, but...

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    In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.



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Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Hund's Rule

All orbitals of a given sublevel must be occupied by single electrons before pairing begins.

Common Ion Effect

Suppression of ionization of a weak electrolyte by the presence in the same solution of a strong electrolyte containing one of the same ions as the weak electrolyte.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Salicylaldehyde

An oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C7H6O2, having an almondlike odor: used chiefly in perfumery and in the synthesis of coumarin.

Ionic Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.

Mass

A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Nonelectrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions do not conduct electricity.