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A method used to determine the molecular weights of volatile liquids.

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Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.

Gangue

Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Molecular Orbital

An orbit resulting from overlap and mixing of atomic orbitals on different atoms. An MO belongs to the molecule as a whole.

Percent Composition

The mass percent of each element in a compound.

Heteronuclear

Consisting of different elements.

Osmosis

The process by which solvent molecules pass through a semipermable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution.

 

Specific Rate Constant

An experimentally determined (proportionality) constant, which is different for different reactions and which changes only with temperature, k in the rate-law expression: Rate = k [A] x [B]v.

Element

A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means.

Colligative Properties

Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.