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A method used to determine the molecular weights of volatile liquids.

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Equilibrium Constant

A quantity that characterizes the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction, its magnitude is equal to the mass action expression at equilibrium. K varies with temperature.

Colligative Properties

Physical properties of solutions that depend upon the number but not the kind of solute particles present.

Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene and its derivatives.

Aufbau ('building up') Principle

Describes the order in which electrons fill orbitals in atoms.

Base

A substance that produces OH (aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong soluable bases are soluble in water and are completely dissociated. Weak bases ionize only slightly.

Atomic Mass Unit (amu)

One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.