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A salt or ester of xanthic acid. Many xanthates have a yellow color. Xanthates are used as flotation agents in mineral processing.

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Designated area

An area that may be used for work with carcinogens, reproductive toxins, or substances that have a high degree of acute toxicity. A designated area may be the entire laboratory, an area of a laboratory, or a device such as a laboratory hood.

Solution

Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Polyprotic Acid

An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.

Ion

An atom or a group of atoms that carries an electric charge.

Standard Electrodes

Half-cells in which the oxidized and reduced forms of a species are present at unit activity, 1.0M solutions of dissolved ions, 1.0atm partial pressure of gases, and pure solids and liquids.

Breeder Reactor

A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.

Coordination Sphere

The metal ion and its coordinating ligands but not any uncoordinated counter-ions.

End Point

The point at which an indicator changes colour and a titration is stopped.

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.