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An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.

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Base

A substance that produces OH (aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong soluable bases are soluble in water and are completely dissociated. Weak bases ionize only slightly.

Deposition

The direct solidification of a vapor by cooling, the reverse of sublimation.

Quantum Numbers

Numbers that describe the energies of electrons in atoms, derived from quantum mechanical treatment.

Donor Atom

A ligand atom whose electrons are shared with a Lewis acid.

Lewis Acid

Any species that can accept a share in an electron pair.

Eluant or eluent

The solvent used in the process of elution, as in liquid chromatography.

 

Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.

Electroplating

Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.

Heterogeneous Mixture

A mixture that does not have uniform composition and properties throughout.

Magnetic Quantum Number (mc)

Quantum mechanical solution to a wave equation that designates the particular orbital within a given set (s, p, d, f ) in which a electron resides.