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A cluster of atoms in a ferromagnetic substance, all of which align in the same direction in the presence of an external magnetic field.

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Law of Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law)

The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

Ionization Isomers

Isomers that result from the interchange of ions inside and outside the coordination sphere.

Polydentate

Refers to ligands with more than one donor atom.

Metallurgy

Refers to the overall processes by which metals are extracted from ores.

Homogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving only one species in a single phase. For example, all gases, all liquids or all solids.

Raoult's Law

The vapor pressure of a solvent in an ideal solution decreases as its mole fraction decreases.

Dumas Method

A method used to determine the molecular weights of volatile liquids.

Nuclide Symbol

Symbol for an atom A/Z E, in which E is the symbol of an element, Z is its atomic number, and A is its mass number.

Standard Entropy

The absolute entropy of a substance in its standard state at 298 K.

Specific Gravity

The ratio of the density of a substance to the density of water.