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The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.

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Condensed Phases

The liquid and solid phases, phases in which particles interact strongly.

Degenerate

Of the same energy.

Band of Stability

Band containing nonradioactive nuclides in a plot of number of neutrons versus atomic number.

Halogens

Group VIIA elements: F, Cl, Br, I

PseudobinaryIonic Compounds

Compounds that contain more than two elements but are named like binary compounds.

Salicylate

A salt or ester of salicylic acid.

Hydrolysis

The reaction of a substance with water or its ions.

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Phosphorus Oxychloride

Colorless to slightly yellow fuming liquid.

Mol. Wt.: 153.39
M.P.: 20C
B.P.: 105.1C
Density: 1.685 @ 15.5C
Vapor Pressure: 40 mm @ 27.3C
Vapor Density: 5.3
Used as the phosphorus source for phosphorus diffusion.

Use of diamonds

Diamond is a crystalline modification of pure carbon formed in the deep interior of the Earth, in the upper mantle at depths of more than 80-100 kilometers, at exceptionally high pressure and temperature. It is the most precious stone, the hardest and most wear-resistant mineral, the most brilliant and timeless gem.