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The product of the distance separating opposite charges of equal magnitude of the charge, a measure of the polarity of a bond or molecule, a measured dipole moment refers to the dipole moment of an entire molecule.

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Law of Combining Volumes (Gay-Lussac's Law)

At constant temperature and pressure, the volumes of reacting gases (and any gaseous products) can be expressed as ratios of small whole numbers.

 

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Cathode

Electrode at which reduction occurs in a cathode ray tube, the negative electrode.

Osmosis

The process by which solvent molecules pass through a semipermable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution.

 

Acetic Acid

CA3COOH, clear, colorless liquid, pungent odor. Boiling point 140C, flash point 54C (closed cup), autoignition temperature 38OC.

Freezing Point Depression

The decrease in the freezing point of a solvent caused by the presence of a solute.ing Point

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Double Bond

Covalent bond resulting from the sharing of four electrons (two pairs) between two atoms.

Heterogeneous Mixture

A mixture that does not have uniform composition and properties throughout.

Gel

Colloidal suspension of a solid dispersed in a liquid, a semirigid solid.